What are the five main factors affecting fertility?

What are the five main factors affecting fertility?

Fertility patterns change from country to country and over time. The fertility rate is influenced by a variety of things. The various elements that influence the fertility rate will be discussed in this study. Some are purely economic, while others are just social.

Fertility patterns change from country to country and over time. Fertility rates are influenced by a variety of things. Many of these criteria are difficult to quantify due to subjectivity, and some may not be applicable across cultures. This makes finding variables that can be used to forecast future fertility rates even more difficult.

Let’s see what are the main factors affecting male and female fertility issues.

Genetic Medical Conditions

Infertility in females can be caused by endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or thyroid problems. Men who are having difficulty conceiving may well have a low sperm count or testosterone levels. Genetic history and critical medical conditions might as well cause issues. So it is advised to consult a doctor.

Medicinal Drugs

Certain medicinal drugs used for certain diseases may cause infertility. This depends on the duration of your medicinal course, severeness of the disease, and other factors. Narcotic painkillers, AEDs, NSAIDs, Anabolic steroids, sulfasalazine, and SSRI antidepressants like sertraline or venlafaxine, can all have an impact on men’s fertility.

Stress, Allergies, Infections, and Toxic items

Certain allergic conditions, stress, infections, and exposure to toxic items can cause reduced sperm count in males. In females, it may affect ovulation. Polluted areas and toxic chemicals may harm your body. To prevent such issues, detoxify your body using traditional or natural ingredients and exercise with a healthy diet plan.

Infertility is caused by a variety of problems, including poor diet, increased BMI, smoking, and excessive alcohol and drug use. These factors, however, are under our control, and we encounter many people each year who are able to conceive with very little help after lifestyle changes.

Duration of subfertility

After one year of unsupervised regular sexual intercourse, subfertility is described as the inability to conceive. It is normally explored after a year, though it may be prudent to begin investigations sooner for some couples. It is also believed that unsafe sex with multiple partners under unhygienic conditions can cause infections that lead to infertility.

Lifestyle Factors

Lifestyle factors also affect your fertility. Here are some of the common factors that you might read through.


For both men and women, smoking can result in adverse effects. So if you are a chain smoker be sure to take care of your health!

Phone in pockets

It is advised not to use mobile phones or any gadgets in your pant pockets as they may reduce sperm counts in men.


Some studies show that overconsumption of caffeine intake can cause certain issues, but your daily dose of caffeine might not cause any trouble! Don’t worry!

Alcohol & Drugs

We all know that Alcohol and drugs are harmful to your health. People who drink too much must consider such issues!

Motorcycle/bike rides

Many theories have proved that men who ride two-wheelers or motorcycles for extended periods of time or on a daily basis, may have a reduced sperm count due to the sitting posture and vehicle heating issues. Overheating the testicles and having experienced trauma to the testicles can cause infertility!


Overweight men may have poor sperm quality, resulting in lower fertility. So one must make sure to have a proper diet and regular exercise.

Women who are overweight and have irregular periods are also less likely to ovulate each month than women who have regular periods. As a result, the chances of becoming pregnant are diminished. Losing weight, even if it’s only 5-10% of total body weight, can help re-establish a regular menstrual cycle! This will help you in improving the chances of becoming pregnant. Therefore it is important to take care of a woman’s health by eating good food and regular exercise to stay healthy!

But whatever the cause may be, it can still be fixed in the majority of cases! Medicine, surgery, artificial insemination, and assisted reproductive technology can all be used to treat infertility. These treatments are frequently combined. In most cases, medicines or surgery are used to cure infertility.

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